Mexico is one of 17 megadiverse countries in the world with almost all types of terrestrial vegetation known, and all marine and aquatic ecosystems well
represented throughout its territory. From the deepest points in the ocean to the highest mountains, Mexico protects a significant portion of ecosystems and
species through natural protected areas (NPAs).
Mexican Society of Natural History is founded.
The first NPA in Mexico, Desierto de los Leones National Park, is established.
The Biology Institute at the National Autonomous University of Mexico is formed.
Mexico joins the Convention for the Protection of Nature and Preservation of Wildlife.
The Urban Development and Ecology Secretariat was formed through the National System of Natural Protected Areas (SINANP).
The General Law of Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection was passed.
The National Commission for the knowledge and use of Biodiversity (CONABIO), the National Institution of Ecology (then INE; INECC today), and the Attorney General for Environmental Protection (PROFEPA) are formed.
The Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries (SEMARNAP) and the North America Commission for Environmental Cooperation are established.
The Declaration of Tulum determines the need for an action plan within the National Committee for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Mexican Reefs.
A change in the Federal Law for Public Administration gives way to the Ministry of the Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT) and the National Commission for Natural Protected Areas (CONANP) is born.
The Voluntary Conservation Areas (ADVC) category is included in the LGEEPA, allowing certified private properties to be recognized as federal NPAs.
The Parts of the Convention on Biological Diversity adopt a Strategic Plan for the Biological Diversity 2011-2020, which include the Aichi Goals.
The national strategy for the conservation and sustainable development of the Mexican territory is published. 2014 – CONANP publishes the 2040 Strategy.
CONANP publishes the 2040 Strategy
The National Strategy for Mexico’s Biodiversity is published. The largest NPA in Mexico is established: BR Deep Mexican Pacific (43,614,120.19 ha).
With a change in category to National Park, Revillagigedo becomes the largest marine reserve (100% protection) in North America.
NPA AREA BY REGION:
SURFACE (hectares) 16,231,864
How much of Mexico’s territory is under some type of protection?
• Castañeda Rincón, J. (2006). Las áreas naturales protegidas de México; de su origen precoz a
su consolidación tardía. Scripta Nova. Revista electrónica de geografía y ciencias sociales.
Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona. vol. X, núm. 218 (13).
• Melo Gallegos, C. (2002). Áreas Naturales Protegidas de México en el siglo XX. Instituto de
Geografía. UNAM. México.156 pp.
• Ezcurra, E., O. Aburto-Oropeza, M.A. Carvajal, R. Cudney-Bueno, y J. Torre. (2009). Gulf of
California, Mexico. En: K. McLeod and H. Leslie (eds.) Ecosystem-Based Management for the
Oceans. Island Press, New York. pp. 227–252.